Why do my Gums Bleed?

One of my patients’ chief complaints is bleeding gums. What is the cause, and why does it happen?

Bleeding from the gums is caused by one of two possibilities:

  • Brushing too hard (trauma)
  • Gingivitis

If you are using a hard toothbrush or brushing incorrectly, this can cause injury to your gums and make them bleed. Ensure that you are using a soft toothbrush and brush your teeth and gums gently in a circular motion.

Gingivitis, or gum inflammation, is caused by an accumulation of plaque around the teeth and gums. If you are not effectively removing plaque from the gum margins, your gums will swell up and bleed in response to the bacterial load in your gums.

How do I prevent/ stop bleeding gums?

Good brushing and flossing technique is essential in effectively cleaning your teeth.

Using a soft toothbrush, brush all teeth in a circular motion. Place toothbrush at a 45 degree toward the gums and sweep the brush down from the gumline.

Brush all teeth for 2 minutes (1 minute on the top teeth, 1 minute on the bottom teeth). Don’t forget to brush your tongue too!


Do you know that by not flossing regularly you are not cleaning around 40% of your tooth surfaces? Here’s how to do it properly:

Wind a long piece of floss around your third or middle fingers, leaving your index and thumb fingers free to manipulate the floss.

Gently slide the floss in between you teeth and hug the floss around the surface of one tooth, rubbing up and down to remove plaque.

Move the floss into the gum, cleaning beneath the gumline. This should be done gently to avoid cutting into your gum. Repeat on all in-between surfaces of your teeth.

Although this sounds involved, once you get the hang of it, it will get easier. Start with your front teeth, and as you get better, move toward your back ones. Practice makes perfect. Focus on having good oral hygiene routines and remember, it is not only important to take care of your teeth, but also the gums that support them. Happy flossing!

Caring for your infant’s teeth

Today I published an article for the wonderful North Shore Mums website about how to care for your infant’s first teeth. Click here to read the article.

If you have any questions about kids’ dental health, feel free to reach out to me through the contact form on this website or call me directly through the clinic. As always, parents are welcome to bring their little ones in for visit to explore the clinic!

Don’t forget our current special offer for kids’ check and cleans, which runs until the end of this year.

Ouch! It’s a tooth emergency

It’s a dreadful thought, but many of us have been there.

Despite our best precautions, sometimes the unexpected just happens. Whether it’s that suspicious particle in your food you just chomped into and chipped your tooth, or your child has fallen over and knocked a tooth, or you’ve had an unfortunate sporting accident that has forced your tooth out of place, here are a few tips on some preliminary measures you can take to remedy the situation before getting it sorted out by your dentist.

Knocked out tooth (dental avulsion)

  • Handle the tooth carefully. Try not to touch the root as it can be damaged easily.
  • If the tooth is dirty, hold it by the crown and rinse it with milk. If you do not have
    milk put it in your saliva but not in water.
  • Keep the tooth moist either in a glass of milk or in your mouth between cheek and
    gum. This is imperative, because, after 15 minutes of dry storage the chances of your tooth surviving are minimal.
  • See your dentist immediately.

Tooth displacement (luxation, extrusion)

  • If it’s the primary tooth of a child (i.e. one of the baby teeth), place a cold wet cloth over the mouth. You can give your child some Panadol for Children to help ease some of the pain.
  • If it’s a permanent tooth, rinse it with cold water, and keep an ice pack over the lip and mouth to reduce swelling. Take some Nurofen for pain and anti-inflammation relief.
  • Try to reposition the luxated tooth back to its normal position using gentle to
    moderate finger pressure.
  • Gently hold the tooth in position.
  • See your dentist as soon as possible.

Tooth Fracture

  • Rinse the mouth with warm water.
  • Use a cold cloth or ice pack to reduce swelling.
  • Take some paracetamol or anti-inflammatory drugs such as Nurofen if the pain is significant.
  • Seek dental advice as soon as possible.

Pushed-up tooth  (dental intrusion)

  • For both baby and adult teeth alike, rinse the area with cold water.
  • Keep an ice pack over the lip and mouth to reduce swelling.
  • If needed, take some form of of painkiller such as Panadol or Neurofen, but do not Aspirin.
  • See your dentist as soon as possible.

Tooth was hit (dental concussion)

  • For both baby and adult teeth alike, rinse the area with cold water.
  • Keep an ice pack over the lip and mouth to reduce swelling.
  • If needed, take some form of of painkiller such as Panadol or Neurofen, but do not Aspirin.
  • See your dentist if possible.
  • Watch for the discolouration of the tooth, because it could imply a damaged nerve which will require root canal therapy.

Everyday dental hygiene

As the old adage goes, prevention is better than cure.

What we have always emphasised is that no number of visits to the dentist will ever replace good oral hygiene habits. Dental health goes beyond just your teeth. Case in point – a build-up of plaque in the arteries is one of the known causes of coronary heart disease. So not only will good dental hygiene leave you feeling fresh and great, your (whole) body will literally thank you for it.

Here we’ve shared a couple of short instructional videos we think may be useful to some. One relates to tooth flossing and the other about children’ brushing that may be handy for some of us parents out there.

Tip: A quick brush or even a quick rinse is always helpful after that tea, coffee or wine to minimise those stains!


1. Start with about 50cm of floss, wind most of the floss around each middle finger, leaving an inch or two of floss to work with.

2. Holding the floss tautly between your thumbs and index fingers, slide it gently up-and-down between your teeth.

3. Gently curve the floss around the base of each tooth, making sure you go beneath
the gum line. Never snap or force the floss, as this may cut or bruise the delicate gum.

4. Use clean sections of floss as you move from tooth to tooth.

5. To remove the floss, use the same back-and-forth motion to bring the floss up and away from the teeth.

Helping children to brush


1. Place brush along outer gum-line. Wiggle gently back and forth. Repeat for each tooth.

2. Brush inside surface of each tooth, using the wiggling technique in Step 1.

3. Brush the chewing surfaces of the teeth using a back and forth motion.

4. Use the tip of brush to brush behind each front tooth, both top and bottom.

5. Don’t forget to brush your tongue!